Effects of street lights on the web site selection of two species of spiders Neoscona theisi (Walckenaer, 1841) and Leucauge decorata (Blackwall, 1864)





Orb-web spider, Streetlights, Prey diversity


Neoscona theisi and Leucauge decorata are two orb-web weaving spiders that are generally found between the branches of the bushes, the shrubs and the trees. Ever since the artificial lightening of the streets became the norm in modern cities, it became a major component of urbanization which influences the overall biodiversity all around the world. This study concentrates mainly on the web-site selection based on the presence and the absence of the street light which may influence the prey abundance at that particular area. The spider species studied are found in higher abundance on the trees that are in the close proximity to the streetlights. The majority of the arthropod prey species are dipterans. Other arthropods prey belonging to Orthoptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera and Odonata are also found on the webs of these two spider species on the selected plant species in which they were studied.


Download data is not yet available.


Alcock, J. (1993). Animal behaviour. In: An evolutionary approach, Fifth Edition, Sinauer Associates Inc. Publishers, Sunderland, Massachusetts, pp. 625.

Argañaraz, C.I., Gleiser, R.M. (2017). Does urbanization have positive or negative effects on Crab spider (Araneae: Thomisidae) diversity?. Zoologia (Curitiba), 34, 1-8.

Bristowe, W.S. (1976). The World of Spiders. Taiplinger Publishing Company, pp. 39-43.

Brusca, R.C., Brusca, G.J. (2003). The Cheliceriformes. In: Invertebrates, Second Edition, Sinauer Associates Inc. Publishers, Sunderland, Massachusetts, pp 655-702.

Denlinger, D. (1980). Seasonal and Annual Variation of Insect Abundance in the Nairobi National Park, Kenya. Biotropica, 12, 100-106.

Eisenbeis, G., Hassel, F. (2000). Attraction of nocturnal insects to street lights: a study of municipal lighting systems of a rural area of Rheinhessen. Nature and Landscape, 75, 145-156.

Gibbs, J.P., Stanton, E.J. (2001). Habitat fragmentation and arthropod community changes: carrion beetles, phoretic mites, and flies. Ecological Applications, 11, 79-85.

Gilbert, O.L. (1989). An ecology of urban habitats. Chapman and Hall, London, 94-112.

Gillespie, R.G. (1987). Risk-sensitive foraging strategies of two spider populations. Ecology, 68, 887-899.

Guntenspergen, G.R., Levenson, J.B. (1997). Understory plant species composition in remnant stands along an urban to rural land use gradient. Urban Ecosystem, 1, 155-69.

Henaut, Y., Garcia-ballinas, J.A., Alauzet, C. (2006). Variation in web construction in Leucaugevenusta (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Journal of Arachnology, 16, 295-302.

Kelly, S.P., Cuevas, E., Ramírez, A. (2019). Urbanization increases the proportion of aquatic insects in the diets of riparian spiders. Freshwater Science, 38 (2), 379-390.

Liu, Z., He, C., Zhou, Y., Wu, J. (2014). How much of the world′s land has been urbanized, really? A hierarchical framework for avoiding confusion. Landscape Ecology, 29, 763-771.

Lowe, E.C., Wilder, S.M., Hochuli, D.F. (2014). Urbanization at multiple scales is associated with larger size and higher fecundity of an orb-weaving spider. Public Library of Science, 9, 105480.

Magura T., Horvath R., Tothmeresz B. (2010). Effects of urbanization on ground-dwelling spiders in forest patches, in Hungary. Landscape Ecology, 25, 621-623.

McDonnell, M.J., Pickett, S.T.A. (1990). Ecosystem structure and function along urban-rural gradients: An unexploited opportunity for ecology. Ecology, 71, 1232-1237.

McIntyre, N.E., Rango, J., Fagan, W.F., Faeth, S.H. (2001). Ground arthropod community structure in a heterogeneous urban environment. Landscape and Urban Planning, 52, 257-274.

Miyashita, T., Shinkai, A., Chida, T. (1998). The effects of forest fragmentation on wed spider communities in urban areas. Biological Conservation, 86, 357-364.

Moore, J. (2006). Chelicerata and Myriapoda. In: An Introduction to the Invertebrates, Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, pp. 181-191.

Morris, C. (1992). Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology. Academic Press. Inc. San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 124.

Nyffeler, M., Benz, G. (1989). Foraging ecology and predatory importance of a guild of orb-weaving spiders in a grassland habitat. Journal of Applied Entomology, 107, 166-187.

Pyke, G.H. (1984). Optimal foraging theory: A critical review. Annual Review Ecology and Systematics, 15, 523-575.

Rebele F. (1994). Urban ecology and special features of urban ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters, 4, 173-187.

Rod and Ken P.M. (1984). Spiders of the world, Blandford press, pp 125-132.

Ruppert, E.E., Fox, R.S., Barnes, R.D. (2004). Invertebrate Zoology, 7th edition. Brooks/Cole.pp 534-549.

Sebastian, P.A., Peter, K.V. (2009). Spiders of India, University press, pp 71-81.

Seto, K.C., Guneralp, B., Hutyra, L.R. (2012). Global forecasts of urban expansion to 2030 and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon pools. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109: 16083-16088.

Thiele, H.U. (1977). Carabid beetles in their environments. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, New York, pp. 47-56.

Wise D.H. (1993). Spiders in ecological webs, Cambridge Studies in Ecology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, pp 328-329.




How to Cite

Muni, N., Mishra, A., & Rastogi, N. (2022). Effects of street lights on the web site selection of two species of spiders Neoscona theisi (Walckenaer, 1841) and Leucauge decorata (Blackwall, 1864). Dera Natung Government College Research Journal, 7(1), 61–69. https://doi.org/10.56405/dngcrj.2022.07.01.06